When and How to Use Moderate-intensity Exercise as a Modification

High-intensity interval training (HIIT), outlined as alternating durations of high-intensity exercise (85% or larger of maximum coronary heart fee) followed by rest intervals, continues to be probably the most fashionable exercise developments worldwide. It is necessary to word that rest intervals do not necessarily imply resting or inactivity, however can embrace durations of less-intense exercise (e.g., low-intensity resistance sets) and lively recovery (e.g., dynamic stretching).

The key to protected and efficient HIIT programming is to acknowledge that every individual has totally different baseline fitness. What is outlined as high depth for one individual could also be either too intense or not difficult enough for someone else. The key's to determine how high intensity is outlined for each individual, and then modify your training methods and exercise intensity for every shopper or participant.

To achieve the aim of HIIT modification, start with a evaluate of the three key programming variables related to HIIT:

  • Intensity (how exhausting)
  • Volume (how much or how lengthy)
  • Rest durations

A couple things to remember:

  1. Intensity and volume are inversely associated. The larger the intensity of the exercise, the shorter the all-out work or high-intensity interval might be.
  2. The larger the depth of the exercise, the longer the remaining interval can be.

To modify HIIT, use training strategies that hold shoppers lively and coronary heart price up, and concentrate on specific muscle groups at one time as an alternative of focusing solely on the depth or effort of exercise.


Supersets involve doing two exercises back to back. They are a smart way to maintain individuals shifting whereas specializing in specific muscular tissues. Typically, the muscle teams used complement each other—either working together (e.g., synergist supersets like a again exercise adopted by a biceps exercise) or agonist-antagonist supersets (e.g., a triceps exercise adopted by a biceps exercise).

Another method to do supersets is to alternate cardiovascular exercise with resistance exercises. For instance, you would have your shopper stroll on an incline on a treadmill for one minute and then carry out a set of 15 lunges for each leg. The superset may be repeated a number of occasions to improve volume, or the time on the treadmill could be changed along with the variety of repetitions carried out every set. The depth may be controlled by manipulating the incline on the treadmill and the quantity of weight used (or not used) throughout lunges.


Circuits are a collection of exercises performed in succession, and are a smart way to maintain individuals shifting and change up the quantity and depth during exercises. For example, you might have a shopper carry out a dumbbell squat adopted by a modified Romanian deadlift adopted by a standing overhead press. To full the circuit, have the shopper carry out three to four sets of 12-15 repetitions of every exercise. To improve the depth, improve the weight used throughout every set and/or decrease the size of the remaining intervals.

Combined Training

Combined training, which is just doing cardiovascular and resistance training inside the similar session, is arguably the simplest training technique for weight loss. However, be suggested that power good points are compromised when cardiovascular and power training are performed in the identical session (Doma and Deakin 2013). For that cause, this training technique is beneficial for beginning-to-intermediate shoppers with the first objectives of common fitness and/or weight management.

With mixed training, cardiovascular and power exercises are usually not carried out as supersets or circuits as described above, but in succession. For example, you would have your shopper do 20 minutes of jog-walk intervals on the treadmill adopted by 20 minutes of total-body power training.

Complex Training

Complex training is a complicated type of power and conditioning that pairs two biomechanically comparable lifts. What differentiates complicated training from different training strategies is that one exercise is a moderate-to-heavy weight conditioning raise (moderate-to-high depth), whereas the other exercise is a plyometric drill. An instance of a complicated training set is pairing a again squat (conditioning carry) with a biomechanically comparable tuck bounce (plyometric drill). Because complicated training is advanced and makes use of plyometric drills, it ought to be reserved for intermediate- to superior=degree fitness shoppers and athletes.

HIIT is a time-efficient means to practice to improve fitness and handle weight. However, high-intensity exercise needs to be approached with warning by taking individual fitness ranges under consideration. Using modifications and various training methods may help make this form of training protected and efficient in your shoppers and members.


Doma, Okay., and Deakin, G. (2013). The cumulative results of power and endurance training periods on muscle pressure era capacity over four days. Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning, 21, 1,  34-38.

Learn extra about HIIT workouts for numerous populations with our best-selling webinar: Busy Days Call for HIIT.

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